BANGLADESH being a developing country, there has been severe competition for ownership, control, management and use of the inadequate land resources. There have been many efforts in the recent few years to bring women into mainstream development, but they are declining far behind and there have been discrepancy between male and female in the family and society as well in many respects. The existing systems, laws, administration etc. are not suitable for women to enjoy exclusive rights over immoveable property. Hence, they require a separate land policy where equal right should clearly mention as per the Constitution and CEDAW convention, which is ratified by Bangladesh on 6 November 1984. Pertinent implementation of existing land laws, women friendly land administration and a women responsive environment and system can ensure women’s right of access to land.
The laws and patriarchal values and practices in Bangladesh created prickly prejudice against the women. The recent annual development plan as well as the last Ten Years Plan of the govt. of Bangladesh place accent on women improvement through increasing literacy, better health and nutrition, employment generation and credit for the women.
Nevertheless, there has been no reveal of women’s enhanced admittance to land, not even in the form of govt. allocation of land for the underprivileged women. UNFPA reports that women’s labor constitutes 65% of the world’s effort, but they receive only one-tenth of the world’s profits and own less than one percent of world’s territory. In rural south Asia particularly in Bangladesh, the most significant form of property is arable land, which is critical determination of well-being, social status and empowerment.
Commonly, in our country perspective women have inferior position in family as well as society, which is determine by their lack of ownership right, control and administration, transfer and admittance to land or other properties. Rights and control over terrain positively manipulate to achieve other vital things like schooling, service, earnings and relation with local institutions. Further, there have been noteworthy evidences that economic resources in the hand of male household member often do not assist the female members in equivalent scale, for this reason self-regulating ownership of such resources; specially immoveable property can consequently be crucial in promoting the well being and empowerment of women folk.
Normally, after matrimony females are leave their father’s house and subsist with husbands. In most of the cases, brothers conceal the fact about their married sisters and thus women are dropped from their ancestral land and other properties. It is more thorny for the sisters to file a litigation against brother and so face administrative and official hazards. Brothers often transfer the share of land that belongs to the sister without informing them and thus women enduring oblivious about their inherited immoveable property. Maximum time, women do not know about the parental and husband’s property. They do not maintain information and particulars of the property. In addition, most of them are not aware about any land related laws, their right to inheritance and have no documents as a claimant. Usually, women and poor are dropped from the survey record and the succession of the inheritance. Cultural barrier also plays negative role to be a claimant of parental property. Vegetation Removal Melbourne
Claim to the familial landed property will spawn divergence and rupture relation with relatives. Our civilization does not persuade women to take inherited property and frequently consider that as peccadillo. If they claim that property, relation between them will scratch. They also consider about their underprivileged brothers. If they take that asset, their relatives will more susceptible. Furthermore, the existing structure, culture, tradition, morality, values, rules are against women and that should be altered.
The prevalent Muslim and Hindu family laws regarding inheritance are discriminatory to women. The majority of women both Muslims and Hindus face inequalities, worse inheritance of shares of land than male is one of them. The Sharia law is discriminatory among male and female for land rights. According to Sharia law, a female child is entitled to only of half of what a male child receive from the paternal property. But in practice, the female child hardly gets what she is lawfully entitled to get, due mainly to patriarchal family scheme.
Hindu women cannot imagine their birthright over land because, as per the rule of Hindu religion women are neither entitled to parental property nor own husband’s property after his death. In some special circumstances they can merely enjoy immoveable property where they have no absolute ownership; just entitle to lifetime possession. Which very repeatedly make their position in the family and society very tangential and vulnerable. Hence, it can be said the existing Hindu law of Bangladesh is absolutely against women ownership over land whereas India repeal this type of inequitable rule from their law by amending that.